Infantile Cerebral Palsy
The stimulating therapy is recommended to begin as soon as possible. Should be used throughout the head and spine. Can be used also on the parst of the body where the problems exist.
Cerebral palsy (cerebral paresis) is a result of developing muscle weakness, muscle stiffness, paralysis and other neurological problems after brain damage before, during, or shortly after delivery.
Amongs 1000 infant 2-4 cerebral palsy cases occurs ;in premature infants it is 10 times more common.
It is particularly common among very low birth weight newborns. Cerebral palsy is not a disease, but the group of symptoms for damaged parts of the brain that controls muscle movement (motor areas). Sometimes other parts of the brain are damaged in children suffering from cerebral palsy. The damage that cause cerebral palsy may occure during pregnancy or birth, after birth or in early childhood.The damage will not be worse later, although the symptoms vary during the growth and maturation of the child. Brain damage occurs after the age of 5 is not considered cerebral palsy.
Many different types of brain damage can lead to cerebral palsy, and in most cases can not be assigned to some specific reason. 10-15% of the cases birth injury or reduction of brain oxygenation before, during or after childbirth. Sometimes it is a result of utero infections (eg. Rubella, toxoplasmosis, or cytomegalovirus infection). Preterm infants are particularly vulnerable because the cerebral blood vessels are underdeveloped and can bleed even from low exposure. The high bilirubin levels in the blood can also lead to brain damage (called kernicterus). In the first year of life can be caused by serious illnesses such as inflammation of the tissues surrounding the brain (meninges). (Encephalitis or meningitis), sepsis, trauma, or severe dehydration (dehydration).
Childhood cerebral palsy symptoms:
Four major types of cerebral palsy: spastic, athetoid, ataxic, and mixed forms.
The spastic form which occurs in approx. 70% of the cases, the muscles are stiff and weak and manifests in the following types:
In the choreoathetoid format (which is approx. 20% of the cases) occurs that the muscles moving by themselvesslowly ,involuntarily without control. The arms, legs and trunk may be writhing, jerking or moving abruptly. Strong emotions can impair movement, they disappear during sleep. These children usually have normal intelligence, the seizures are rare.
The ataxic form that affects approx. 10 % of the child cerebral paralysis affects the coordination of movements, motion is uncertain, as well as muscle weakness and tremors can occur. These children find it difficult to perform rapid or fine movements and walk unsteadily,with wide open legs.
The mixture of the above two forms (most often spastic and athetoid) the combination of the characteristics. Many patients has this type.